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NALSAR UNIVERSITY OF LAW

Accredited in 'A+' grade with a score 3.60 on a four point scale by NAAC

Amita Dhanda

I started my professional career in 1984 as a researcher at the Indian Law Institute, New Delhi. Due to these research capabilities, Justice Bhagwati the then Chief Justice of India selected me to clerk for him till 1986. My stint at the Supreme Court happened when the institution of research clerks was viewed with scepticism and suspicion and hence making a space for the position was an uphill task. Even so the learnings on judicial culture and psychology are irreplaceable. After my return from the Court in 1987, I worked at the Indian Law Institute till 1999, where I had the hands on opportunity to learn to research, write, edit and teach in association with renowned scholars. The Supreme Court Commission to investigate the condition of persons with mental illness in the jails of West Bengal; chairing the Committee to suggest amendments to the Disability Act of 1995; and co-editing a festschrift in honour of Prof Lotika Sarkar were heart-warming work assignments; and negotiating employee entitlements as President of the Employee Welfare Association brought home to me the difference between the rhetoric and reality of law.

In 1999 I joined NALSAR as its first full time professor. Since I had pre-dominant experience in research I had the enthusiasm of a fresh recruit towards my teaching, which coupled with the authority of seniority, allowed experimentation. My enthusiasm was re-doubled by the fact that as a single discipline university we had easier protocols for floating courses, amending curriculums and experimenting with evaluation. I have taught like a researcher and my courses do not impart existing information but dwell on questions that need further investigation. Since our students stay with us over extended periods of time, I have enjoyed the opportunity to build learning together relationships with them.

I am also defined by my feminist pride in my traditional build; my sweet tooth, which keeps me traditionally built; and my work obsessions, which trump my fitness travails and cause me to miss the movies I should see but watch the soaps I should miss.

BA (Hons)( English), LL.B, LL.M, Ph.D (University of Delhi)

Research fields: Legal Theory; Human Rights; Disability Law and Gender Studies. I am at present examining the role of legal theory in legal education and how positivist legal understanding has robbed critical inquiry of its place in legal education. It is my contention that this situation needs to change and this could be done by altering the manner in which legal theory courses are designed and taught. In human rights, I am concentrating on socio-economic rights and how knowledge based interventions can assist in the enforcement of these rights. In disability law, I am working on the changes that would need to be made to bring disability legislations in conformity with the CRPD. I am especially examining the principles informing the new paradigm of universal legal capacity and the strategies to realize it. In gender studies, I am looking at the less egregious forms of sexual harassment such as coloured remarks; innuendoes; jokes etc to contend that zero tolerance on these infractions is necessary if serious forms of sexual harassment are to be weeded out.

Books N.S. Bindra’s Interpretation of Statutes(New Delhi: Lexis Nexis Butterworths, 11th edition 2014) With Rajive Raturi (eds.), Harmonizing Laws with the UNCRPD (New Delhi: Human Rights Law Network, 2010) with Gabor Gombos, Catalyzing Self Advocacy: An Experiment in India (Pune: Bapu Trust, 2009) with Archana Parashar (eds.) Decolonization of Legal Knowledge (Delhi: Routledge, 2009) with Archana Parashar (eds.), Redefining Family Law in India (Delhi: Routledge 2008) with M.N. Rao (rev.), Bindra’s Interpretation of Statutes (New Delhi: LexisNexis Butterworths, 2007) with Gita Ramaswamy, On their Own: A Socio-Legal Investigation of Inter-Country Adoptions in India(Hyderabad: Otherwise Publications, 2005) (ed.) Moot Courts for Interactive Education (Hyderabad: Gogia and Company, 2000) Legal Order and Mental Disorder(New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2000) with Archana Parashar (eds.), Engendering Law: Essays in honour of Lotika Sarkar(Lucknow: Eastern Book Company, 1999) with Upendra Baxi, Valiant Victims and Lethal Litigation: The Bhopal Case (Delhi: Indian Law Institute, 1990) Assisted in D.A. Desai, M. L. Jain and Madhava Menon (eds.)RatanlalDhirajlal, Law of Crimes(23rd ed.) (vol. 1 & 2) (Nagpur: Wadhwa Publications, 1987, 1988) with O.P. Shukla, Referencer to Statutory Rules and Orders 1983 (New Delhi: Indian Law Institute 1987) Referencer to Statutory Rules and Orders 1982(New Delhi: Indian Law Institute 1986) Reports Report on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Submitted as the Legal Consultant to the New Law Committee appointed by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India, June 2011). Final Report on the Amendment to the Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995 (submitted to the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, March 1999) Unlock the Padlock: A report on the Rights of Mentally Ill in the Jails of West Bengal (submitted to the Supreme Court of India, 1993) Documentation With Kusum Kumar, Furqan Ahmad and Thomas Paul Backgrounder for the International Conference on Global Health Law (New Delhi, December 1997) Cases and Materials for the National Workshop on Legal Regulation of Hazardous Substances and Processes (New Delhi, Nov-Dec 1996) Study Materials for Regional Workshop on Mental Retardation and the Law (Bombay, March 1996) With Kusum Kumar, Furqan Ahmad and Thomas Paul Background Materials for International Conference on AIDS and the Law (New Delhi, December 1995). Mimeographs A Report on National Workshop on Legal Regulation of Hazardous Substances and Processes (Indian Law Institute, Dec 1998) Judicial Process and Urbanisation: Role of the Supreme Court (Indian Law Institute to the National Commission of Urbanisation, 1988) Book Chapters “Realising the right to health through co-operative judicial review: An analysis of the role o the Indian Supreme Court” in Oscar Vilhena, Upendra Baxi and Frans Viljoen (eds.) Transformative constitutionalism: Comparing the apex courts of Brazil, India and South Africa (Pretoria: Pretoria University Law Press, 2013) “Sameness and difference: Twin track Empowerment for Women with Disabilities” in Renu Adlakha (ed.) Disability Studies in India Global Discourses, Local Realities (New Delhi: Routledge, 2013) “Universal Legal Capacity as a Universal Human Right” in Michael Dudley, Derrick Silove& Fran Gale (eds.) Mental Health and Human Rights: Vision Praxis and Courage (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012). “What should be the Role of Law in Aids Control?” in Ritu Priya (ed.) Dialogues on AIDS: Perspectives for AIDS in India (Delhi: Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam Publications, 2009) “The Power of One: the law teacher in the Academy” in Amita Dhanda & Archana Parashar (eds.) Decolonization of Legal Knowledge (New Delhi: Routledge, 2009) “A Psychosocial Critique of the law of Adoption in India” in Archana Parashar & Amita Dhanda (eds.) Redefining Family Law in India (New Delhi: Routledge 2008) “Civil and Political Rights of Persons with Disabilities”in Disability Rights Manual(National Human Rights Commission 2005) with D S Goel, “Women and Mental Health”inS.P. Agarwal (ed.), Mental Health: An Indian Perspective 1946 -2003 (Delhi: Directorate General of Health Services, 2004) “Interface of Law in Mental Health”in Priorities for Mental Health Sector Development in Gujarat (Department of Health and Family Welfare, Government of Gujarat, 2003) “According Reality to Disability Rights: Role of the Judiciary” in S.K. Verma (ed.) Rights of Persons with Disabilities (New Delhi: Indian Law Institute 2002) “Women and the Law on Unsoundness of Mind” in Bhargavi Davar (ed.) Mental Health from a Gender Perspective (New Delhi: Sage Publication, 2001). “Psychologising Dissent: Psychiatric Labelling and Social Control” in Amita Dhanda and Archana Parashar (ed.), Engendering Law: Essays in honour of Lotika Sarkar (Lucknow: Eastern Book Company 1999). “Insanity in Law: Dissent Deviance and Disorder” in Satish Saberwal and Heiko Sievers (ed.), Rules Laws and Constitutions (New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1998) “Law Gender and Insanity” in Patricia Uberoi (ed.), Social Reform, Sexuality and the State (New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1996). “Mental Health Law and Policy: Need for Coordination”, P. Mane and K. Gandevia (ed.), Mental Health in India: Issues and Concerns (Mumbai: Tata Institute of Social Sciences 1994). Eponymous background paper inStrategies of Professional Collaboration to Promote the Rights of the Mentally Ill (Scarf-Lawasia 1992). “Should Mental Illness be a Bar to Marriage or a Ground for Divorce” inStrategies of Professional Collaboration to Promote the Rights of the Mentally Ill (Scarf-Lawasia 1992) “Non–Communication between Law and Psychiatry: A focus on the Victims of this Cold War” in U. Baxi (ed.), Law and Poverty: Critical Essays (Mumbai: Tripathi, 1988) “The Plight of the Doubly Damned: The Mentally Ill Women in India” in P. Leelakrishnan and G. Sadasivan Nair (ed.), New Horizons of Law (Cochin: Cochin University, 1987) “Rights of the Mentally Ill: A Forgotten Domain”in U. Baxi ed., The Right to be Human (1987). Articles “Constructing the New Paradigm of Universal Legal Capacity with Support”, 1 Fogyatekossag es Tasadalom, 2009/3-4, 2257-268 “Disability Health and Human Rights”, 11 ILS Law Review (2009) 15 “The Jurisprudence of Inclusion:Book review of Martha Nussbaum’s Frontiers of Justice, Disability, Nationality, Species Membership”, 7 Journal of the National Human Rights Commission (2008) “Sameness and difference: Twin track Empowerment for Women with Disabilities”in 15 Indian Journal of Gender Studies (2008) 209-232 “Constructing a New Human Rights Lexicon: Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities”, 5(8) Sur International Journal of Human Rights (2008) 43 “Powering Responsibility, Conscience keeping in public law: The Scholarship of S.P. Sathe”1(1) The Indian Journal of Constitutional Law (2007) 1-18 “Legal Capacity in the Disability Rights Convention: Stranglehold of the Past or Lodestar for the Future”, 34(2) Syracuse Journal of International Law and Commerce (2007) 429-462 “Book review of Flavia Agnes et al Omnibus on Women & Law in India”, 49(3) Journal law of Indian Law Institute (2007) 429-435 with Thelma Narayan, “Mental Health and Human Rights”, 370(9594) The Lancet (2007) 1197–1198 “Book review of Martha Nussbaum’s Frontiers of Justice, Disability, Nationality, Species Membership”, the Hindu (29th November, 2007) “Book Review- Jaya Sagade Child Marriage in India: Socio-Legal and Human Rights Dimensions” 48(2) Journal of Indian Law Institute (2006) 290 “The Right to Treatment of Persons with Psycho-Social Disabilities and the Role of Courts”28 International Journal of Law and Psychiatry (2005) 155-170 “A Participative Evaluation of Rights of Persons with Psychosocial Disability”, 3 Journal of National Human Rights Commission India (2004) 117 “Annual Survey of Central Legislation”, XXXVI ASIL (2000) 555–585 “Annual Survey of Central Legislation”, XXXIII ASIL (1997-98) 669–682 “Annual Survey of Central Legislation”,XXXII ASIL (1996) 465–482 “Annual Survey of Central Subordinate Legislation”,XXXII ASIL (1996) 483–495 With S.K. Chatrath, “Expenditure for Medical Treatment: a Re-examination of the Deduction Provision”, The Tax Bar (Mar 1998). “Annual Survey of Central Legislation”, XXXI ASIL (1995) 495–514 “Annual Survey of Central Subordinate Legislation”, XXXI ASIL (1995) 515–539 “Mental Health and Law: Involuntary Commitment to Mental Hospitals”,10 Lawyers’ Collective (Nov. 1995) 12 “Law Psychiatry and Human Right”, 430 Seminar (June 1995) 22 “Annual Survey of Central Legislation”XXX ASIL (1994) 529–554 “Annual Survey of Central Subordinate Legislation”XXX ASIL (1994)555–578 “Minority and Mental Health: Problematics of an Unproblematic Approach”, 36 Journal of Indian Law Institute (1994) 503–511 “Why is A Comprehensive Legislation Required for Persons with Disabilities”, Samadhan News (Mar 1995) “Promotion of Mental Health Care by Courts: the Role of Non- Governmental Organisations”, Health for Millions (1994) “Womb Removal of Women with Mental Retardation: Constitutional Constraints on State Power”, Samadhan News (March 1994). “Annual Survey of Central Legislation”, XXIX ASIL (1993) “Annual Survey of Central Subordinate Legislation”, XXIX ASIL (1993) “Regulating Mental Health Services through Nodal Mental Health Authorities: A Critical Evaluation”, LIII (1) Indian Journal of Social Work (1992) “Law Policy for the Mentally Retarded”, XXXX (1) Indian Council of Child Welfare News Bulletin (1992) “A Plea for a Distinct Legal Regime for Persons with Mental Retardation”, 1(2) Vatsalya Darpan (1992) “Annual Survey on Central Subordinate Legislation”, XXVIII ASIL (1992) 567–582 “Annual Survey of Central Subordinate Legislation”, XXVII ASIL (1991) 301–317 “Adjudicative Justice for Mental Hospital Inmates”,3(1) International Bulletin of Law and Mental Health (1991) “The AIDS Prevention Bill of 1989 - An Agenda for the Joint Select Committee”, 33 (1) Journal of Indian Law Institute (1991) 98 “Compassion Not Coercion”, XVII (4) Health for Millions (1991) “Legal Recognition for Mental Health Professionals—an Advocacy”, Indian Journal of Clinical Psychology 1 (1991). “Annual Survey of Central Subordinate Legislation”, XXVI ASIL (1990) 335–341 “Public Interest Litigation for the Mentally Ill”, 32(3) Journal of Indian Law Institute (1990) 378 “In the light of its Non-enforcement a Critical Appraisal of the Mental Health Act of 1987”, 9 Continuing Medical Education Programme (Indian Psychiatric Society 1990). “Annual Survey of Central Subordinate Legislation”, XXV ASIL (1989) “Book review of Vasudha Dhagamwar's Women and Divorce”, 30 (4) Journal Indian Law Institute (1988). “Annual Survey of Central Subordinate Legislation”, XXIV ASIL (1988) 416–426 “Daughter's duty to Maintain Parents: Supreme Court on the Path of Son-Daughter Parity”, 29(1) Journal of Indian Law Institute (1987) 116. “Annual Survey of Central Subordinate Legislation”, XXIII ASIL (1987) “Book Review of M. N. Srinivas Reflections on Dowry”, 28 (1) Journal of Indian Law Institute (1986). “Does the Offence of Adultery Accord Protection to Women and Marriage”,12(3) IndBar Review (1985) “A Case of Judicial Fatigue—Dilsher Singh v. State”Crimes (1985) “A Boon for the Self Occupying Owner—Shiela Kaushish v. CIT”,Indian Tax Cases (1984). “Annual Survey of Central Subordinate Legislation”, XIX ASIL (1984) 477–498

The Legacy of Rights and the Right to have Rights and Use them, International Conference on ‘India & Ireland Policy Encounter: Respecting Voice and Choice for People with Disabilities in India & Ireland (Hyderabad, January 18-19, 2014) Development of Legislative Framework on the Status of Persons with Disabilities, Conference organized by United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, (South Caucasus Georgia, December, 2013) Background to the right to Legal Capacity, International Seminar on “The Right to Legal Capacity”, Office of the Human Rights Commissioner, (Ministry of Justice of Republic of Moldova, Chisinau, June 3, 2013) If Legal Capacity is Universal Should Support be Selective and Particular?, Supported Decision Making Forum (Queensland Advocacy Incorporated, Brisbane, Australia, June,2013) Implications of CRPD to legislative changes, how the law must be changed to realize the rights in Article 12 of CRPD, Conference on Legal Capacity and Community Living: Protecting Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Belgrade, Serbia on 21-22 May, 2013) A legal review of Legislations including the Inter-State Migrant Workmen Act, 1979 as they relate to human trafficking in the Garment and Domestic Work sectors in India, International Labour Office (Geneva, September 2012) What if I do not have Legal Capacity? International Conference on Exercising Legal Capacity in the Framework of Access to Justice and Social Inclusion for People with Psycho-Social Disabilities (City of Buenos Aires, Argentina, 10-11 May, 2012) Reforming Guardianship in India, Symposium on Guardianship and supported decision making: UN CRPD and Developments in the World (Istanbul, Turkey June 15, 2012) Mental Health Law Reform in the Old and New Paradigm of Legal Capacity, International conference on Mental Health Law Reform: New Perspectives & Challenges, (Galway, Ireland June 23, 2012) Keynote speaker “From Theory to Practice: A workshop on Article 12 Implementation”, (Open Society Foundations, Madrid, Spain November, 2011) Strengthening cause Lawyering in India - Rhetoric to Reality: Human Rights & Law, Ford Foundation Convening of Human Rights Partners meet on(New Delhi, June 18-19, 2013) Evolution of Feminist movement in India (NALSAR, Hyderabad April 14, 2012) Legislative & Policy Framework- Current Scenario and Need for Harmonization with UNCRPD, (National Human Rights Commission, New Delhi, October, 10 2012) Creating the legal terrain for Internet use and governance,International conference on Revisiting Internet Governance – Lessons Learnt and Road ahead, (NALSAR, Hyderabad, April, 6 2012) Teaching Law, Thinking Justice, Teaching Media Policy and Law – a faculty workshop, (Alternative Law Forum, Bangalore, April 24, 2012) CRPD and Mental Health Laws in India, Workshop on the new Disability Draft legislation and the Mental Health Act (Bangalore, December 17, 2010) Role of the Parallel Report in the United Nations, National Workshop on Alternative Report on Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Bangalore, 22 November 2010) Pluralizing of Inclusion with Disability Rights, Jindal-Yale Conference on Globalization in India and the USA: Law, Governance and Business (New Delhi, October 28, 2010) The Justice System and Legal Education: Key Issues and Challenges, National seminar on Socio-economic Revolution on the Role of Law Colleges and Judicial Academies, (National Judicial Academy, Bhopal, June 12-13, 2010) The Indian Initiative on Legal Capacity and SupportatExpert Group Meeting on Legal Capacity, (Inclusion International London, UK 4th and 5th May, 2010). No University without Diversity: Educational Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 6thLalAdvani Memorial lecture (Indian Association for Special Education and Rehabilitation New Delhi, April, 26 2010) Legal Capacity in the UNCRPD, (Canadian Council of Disabilities Ottawa, Canada on 22nd January, 2010) Legal Capacity in the CRPD, seminar presentation at Faculty of law, (University of Western Ontario, London Canada January 6, 2010) The Relevance of UNCRPD to Women Living with Mental Illness,Advancing the Rights of Women and Children with Disabilities: Building Bridges Between and Across Human Rights Communities Asian Advocacy Forum (Mumbai, May 21, 2009) Role of Civil Society in CRPD,(United Nations Human Rights Council Geneva, March 6, 2009) Key Challenges of the CRPD,IDA Asia Pacific Alliance (Manila, February 11-12 2009) Ousting Incompetence Promoting Capability: Legal Capacity in the CRPD, Annual Conference on Risks and Rights of Australian New Zealand Association of Psychologists, Psychiatrists and the Law (Sydney, October 24 2008) Bill of Rights and CRPD, Bill of Rights Workshop organized by the National Alliance of Justice for Mental Illness (New Delhi October 10-11, 2008) The Promise of the CRPD, Knowledge Workshop organized by the National Trust (New Delhi, September, 11 2008). Sameness and Difference Twin track Empowerment of Women with Disabilities, National Conference on Women with Disabilities organized by Centre for Women Development Studies (New Delhi August 21 2008) Children with Disabilities, Child Rights and Social Duties : A Multi-Sectoral International Consultation jointly organized by NALSAR University of Law and University of Samford (Hyderabad July 25-26, 2008) Making the Paradigm Shift in Work, Sub-regional Meeting on Disability Legislation: Decent Work for Persons with Disabilities in Asia jointly organized by ILO and OHCHR (Bangkok, June 23-24, 2008) Disabilities at the Altar of SEC Rights, Courting Justice II Second BISA Conference (New Delhi April 27-29 2008) Sameness and difference: Twin Track Empowerment for Women with Disabilities, Central European University (Budapest, December 4, 2007) Forced interventions- Involuntary Treatment: Some Positioning Queries, Mental Disability Advocacy Centre (Budapest, November 30, 2007) Creative Recipes: Gendering the IPR teaching program at NALSAR Hyderabad, Fourth Annual Symposium on IP/Gender: The Unmapped Connections (American University, Washington College, March 23, 2007) Supported Decision-Making and the Universalization of Legal Capacity, Public Lecture (Eotovos Lorand University, Budapest on November 29, 2007) Judicial Activism in India, (Centre for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law American University, Washington College of Law, March 22, 2007) Convention on the rights of persons with Disabilities (VII Human Rights Colloquium, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 8, 2007) Construction of Legal Capacity in the Disability Rights Convention FacultySeminar(Human Rights Centre, Department of Law, University of New South Wales Sydney Oct 31st 2007) The Legal Discourse on Education of Persons with Disabilities, Symposium on Engaging with Diversity: Disability and Beyond "Platinum Jubilee International Conference, (Lady Irwin College New Delhi, October 5 2007). “Self Advocacy by Persons with Psychosocial Disabilities” ESCAP High Level Governmental Meeting on Midterm Review of Biwako Millennium Framework (Bangkok September 19-21 2007) Basic Features of the Disability Rights Convention”, Regional Disability Seminar of Handicapped International for South Asian and South East Asia Region (Kathmandu Nepal, September 8, 2007) Civil Political Rights in the CRPD, National Consultation on the Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities (New Delhi, July 27, 2007) Amendment of the Mental Health Act 1987, National Consultative Meet of State Mental Health Authorities, Union Ministry of Health (New Delhi, July 25-26, 2007) Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities: A tool kit, Regional Workshop on Understanding the UNCRPD Aarth (ASTHA) (New Delhi May 21-22, 2007) Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities: the Way Forward, Action Aid India expert meeting, (New Delhi April 8, 2007) Public Interest Actions for Persons with Mental Illness, (New York Law School, New York March 28, 2007). Universalizing Legal Capacity in the United Nations Disability Rights Convention, (Syracuse University, New York March 26, 2007) Mentally Ill Women: Is Destitution the Only Answer, National Seminar of NCW (New Delhi March 8, 2007) Plenary Addresson behalf of the International Disability Caucus (United Nations Fifth Ad Hoc Committee on the Disability Rights Convention New York Jan –Feb 2005.) The right to obtain or refuse treatment: what is the role of the courts? International Conference on Law and Mental Health (Sydney October 2003) Evaluating Psychiatric Expertise and the Role of Courts, (Department of Law, University of New South Wales Sydney, September 2003) The Legal Representation of Mental Illness, International Conference on Mental Health Services (Canberra, August 2003) Mental Health of Women in Prisons and Questions of law, Penal Reform International’s Second South Asia Regional Conference on Access to Justice and Penal Reform (Dhaka December 2 2002) Legislative Agendas and Human Rights of Persons with Mental Illness, Fifth Biennial Conference of the World Fellowship of Schizophrenia and Allied Disorders (Kyoto, October 2002) Issue of Individual and Community Rights: AIDS Related Legal Issues, Workshop on Societal Concerns and Strategies for AIDS Control in India (New Delhi, January 2002) Imprisonment of the Mind: Psychiatric Illness and the Prison, Conference on New Initiatives in Penal Reform and Access to Justice (Hyderabad, October 2001) Legal Regulation of Preschool Education, FORCES Seminar on Maternity and Child Care (Mumbai May, 2000) Women's Rights and 50 years of the Constitution, National Seminar on Human Rights and the Constitution (Hyderabad, February 2000) Adjudicative Strategies for Disability Rights, National Seminar on Disability and the Law, (New Delhi April 2000) Legal Intervention for Maternity and Child Care: Existing Strategies and Future Directions, Campaign on Maternity and Child Care, Forum for Crèches and Child Care Services (New Delhi, January 1999) Persons with Dementia and the Law, National Seminar on Ageing Brain, Holy Family Hospital (Mumbai September 1998) Bio-ethics: Indian Legal Perspectives, National Seminar on Bio-ethics Indian Perspectives (University of Goa, Goa, November 1997) Role of law in the Care and Treatment of Persons with Mental Illness, International Conference on Global Health Law (Indian Law Institute New Delhi, December 1997) Rights of the Criminal Mental Patient, National Workshop on Law, Ethics and Psychiatry, Institute of Mental Health and Behavioural Sciences (New Delhi, October 1997) Mental Health Policy for Women: A Legal perspective, National Seminar on Women and Mental Health (Hyderabad, 1996) Law and Persons with Learning Disability, National Workshop on Persons with Learning Disabilities, (Educare, New Delhi, Nov. 1995) "Female Sexuality in Law: the Mental Health Dimensions" paper presented at National Workshop on Women and Mental Health, Peoples Initiative for Mental Health, Bangalore, Oct. 1995. Legal Issues in Mental Health, International Workshop on the World Mental Health Report for low Income Countries (Rajiv Gandhi Foundation, New Delhi, April 1995) Psychologising Dissent: Psychiatric Labelling and Social Control, Workshop on Women and Violence, Centre for Women Development Studies (New Delhi, March 1995) Mental Health Act 1987 (NIMHANS Bangalore, May 1994) Public Interest Litigation for the Mentally Ill, (NIMHANS Bangalore, May 1994) Equal Opportunity in Public Employment for Persons with Mental Retardation, National Workshop on Employment Opportunities (SankaraVidya Kendra, New Delhi, April 1994) Legal Status of Persons with Autism, Workshop on Working with Autistic Child, Jan Madhyam (New Delhi, February 1994) Genderized Insanity, Workshop on Social Reform Gender and State, Institute of Economic Growth (New Delhi, November 1993) Law and Legislation for Mentally Handicapped, Workshop on Sexuality Marriage and Social Alternatives for the Mentally Handicapped, Family Planning Institute of India (November 1993) Strategies of Collaboration to Promote the Rights of the Mentally Ill, Scarf-Lawasia Conference (Chennai, May 1992). Should Mental Illness be a bar to Marriage and Divorce? Scarf-Lawasia Conference (Chennai, May, 1992) A plea for a Distinct Legal Regime for the Mentally Handicapped in India, Annual Conference of the National Institute of the Mentally Handicapped (New Delhi, December 1991) In the light of its non-enforcement –a critical appraisal of the Mental Health Act 1987, Annual Conference of the Indian Psychiatric Society (Chandigarh, January 1990) Public Interest Litigation for the Mentally Ill paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Indian Psychiatric Society (Chandigarh, January, 1990) Law and Mental Health: A Litigation Survey,Conference on Law, Society and Psychiatry (Jaipur, February 1985) Is a Conscientious Caretaker required to Protect the Rights of the Mentally Ill in India? World Congress on Law and Medicine (Indian Law Institute, New Delhi, February 1985) Presented Memorandum to the Joint Select Parliamentary Committee on the Mental Health Bill of 1981 in Sep. 1982 and tendered evidence in April 1984. Bodily Integrity of Women - A Reflection on Judicial and Legislative Attitudes, National Conference on Women's Studies (Trivandrum, April 1984) Rights of the Mentally Ill: the Indian Approach, Seminar on Rights of the Mentally Ill the International Approach, Association for Social Action and Legal Thought (New Delhi December, 1982. Is this not Discrimination? Seminar on Human Rights and the Administration of Criminal Justice, (New Delhi, March 1981)

Taught Courses in Administrative law, Comparative Disability Jurisprudence, Judicial Process, Jurisprudence, Justice Education and Pedagogy; Law and Poverty, Interpretation of Statutes, Law and Literature, Law and Psychology, Legal Methods, Pluralizing Inclusion: Equality and Non Discrimination in a Globalizing World, Pyramid and the Web: Questions of Power and Responsibility,Rights and Duties: And the Challenges of Enforcement. Currently Teaching: Applied Jurisprudence and Universalizing Legal Capacity. Propose to offer courses in Legal Methods, Land Rights and Law